"owed" in the verb sense
be obliged to pay or repay
be indebted to, in an abstract or intellectual sense
"This new theory owes much to Einstein's Relativity Theory"
be in debt
"She owes me $200"
"I still owe for the car"
"The thesis owes much to his adviser"
Source: WordNet® (An amazing lexical database of English)
Princeton University "About WordNet®."
WordNet®. Princeton University. 2010.
View WordNet® License