"gauge" in the noun sense
1. gauge, gage
a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of rain etc.
2. gauge, standard of measurement
accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or quality against which others are judged or measured or compared
the distance between the rails of a railway or between the wheels of a train
the thickness of wire
5. bore, gauge, caliber, calibre
diameter of a tube or gun barrel
"gauge" in the verb sense
1. estimate, gauge, approximate, guess, judge
judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time
"I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds"
rub to a uniform size
determine the capacity, volume, or contents of by measurement and calculation
"gauge the wine barrels"
measure precisely and against a standard
"the wire is gauged"
adapt to a specified measurement
"gauge the instruments"
mix in specific proportions
Source: WordNet® (An amazing lexical database of English)
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